Reading Strategies Cheat Sheet

Phonemic Awareness

Understanding that words are made up of individual sounds and manipulating these sounds.


Linking sounds (phonemes) to symbols (letters or groups of letters) to form words.


Developing the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression.


Expanding the number of words a student knows and understands.


Encouraging students to use the text's title, headings, and pictures to predict what will happen.


Having students create mental images of what they are reading to enhance understanding.


Teaching students to ask themselves questions about the text (before, during, and after reading).


Practicing to put the main idea and details into one's own words after reading.

Interactive Read-Aloud

Read books aloud while asking questions and encouraging discussion to engage with the text.

Shared Reading

Reading a text together as a class to model strategies and involve students in the process.

Book Clubs

Students reading the same book in small groups, then discussing it collaboratively.

Reader's Theater

Students performing a script read from a book, which helps with fluency and engagement.

Leveled Reading

Providing texts at varying levels of difficulty to meet the diverse needs of learners.

Multi-Sensory Approaches

Combining visual, auditory, and kinesthetic-tactile techniques to enhance reading skills.

Graphic Organizers

Using visual aids (e.g., story maps, Venn diagrams) to organize and relate information.

Technology Integration

Incorporating digital tools and software designed to support reading development.

Formative Assessment

Continuous assessment through observation, quizzes, and discussions to inform instruction.

Summative Assessment

Evaluating reading comprehension and skills at the end of an instructional period.

Running Records

Assessing students’ reading level and fluency by having them read a text out loud.

Diagnostic Tests

Employing specialized assessments to identify specific reading difficulties and strengths.

One-on-One Tutoring

Providing individual attention to address specific reading challenges.

Small Group Instruction

Using guided reading groups to offer targeted support.

Peer Buddies

Pairing up students to read together, offering mutual support and practice.

Reading Specialists

Engaging trained professionals to work with students who need intensive intervention.