Richard Tarnas

Evolution of Western Thought

An exploration of the intellectual journey from ancient Greece to postmodernism in the Western world.

Ancient Greece

Beginning of Western philosophy with figures like Plato and Aristotle.

Philosophy and Science

The birthplace of Western philosophy and science.

Democracy and Politics

Concepts of democracy and governance developed.

Mythology and Religion

Influence of Greek mythology on Western culture.

Middle Ages

Transition from ancient to medieval thought.

Christian Theology

Dominance of the Church and theological perspectives.


Philosophical method of learning based on dialectical reasoning.

Art and Architecture

Evolution of styles embodying religious themes.


Rebirth of classical knowledge and new approaches to learning.


Shift from theocentric to anthropocentric worldview.

Scientific Revolution

Foundations laid for modern science.

Exploration and Expansion

Global exploration impacting Western dominance.


Era of reason, science, and intellectual interchange.


Valuing reason as the primary source of knowledge.


Emphasis on sensory experience and observation.

Political Philosophy

Ideas leading to modern democracies and political institutions.

Industrial Revolution

Technological changes radically altering social and economic structures.


Migration from rural areas to cities.


Rise of capitalism as an economic system.

Social Change

Working conditions and societal shifts.


Movement reflecting changes in cultural norms and attitudes.

Avant-Garde Art

New concepts in art challenging traditional norms.


Focus on individual existence, freedom, and choice.

Technology and Warfare

Technological advancements and their impact on global conflicts.


Post WWII era questioning the principles of modernism.


Analyzing the relationship between text and meaning.


Diversity and identity politics rise.

Digital Revolution

Impact of technology on communication and thought.

Cosmos and Psyche Analysis

Exploring the intertwining of celestial patterns and human archetypes.

Cosmic Cycles

Natural periods of astronomical events and movements.

Planetary Movements

Influences from planetary alignments and retrogrades.

Seasonal Changes

How seasons affect human behavior and consciousness.

Eclipse Cycles

Mystical and historical significance of solar and lunar eclipses.

Archetypal Patterns

Universal themes and symbols in human psychology.

Hero's Journey

The common narrative found across cultures and ages.

Shadow Self

Dealing with the unconscious and often darker aspects of personality.

Anima and Animus

Exploring gender inner identities and their cosmic correlations.

Human Experience

The manifestation of cosmic influences in personal life.

Psychological Development

Stages of growth and their reflections in cosmic events.

Relationship Dynamics

Interpersonal connections and their astrological underpinnings.

Cultural Evolution

Shifts in the collective psyche and their celestial alignments.

Methodological Approaches

Different ways to study the cosmos-psyche relationship.

Analytical Psychology

Carl Jung's principles and their application to cosmic psychology.

Mythological Studies

Understanding human experience through the lens of mythology.

Astrological Analysis

Using astrology to connect cosmic events with personal experiences.

Historical Perspectives

Looking back at how past societies understood the cosmos-psyche bond.

Ancient Philosophies

Insights from Greek, Egyptian, and other ancient thought systems.

Renaissance Views

How the rebirth of art and science influenced cosmic understanding.

Modern Interpretations

Contemporary thoughts on cosmos and psyche relationships.

Future Implications

Potential developments in understanding the cosmos-psyche connection.

Technological Advances

How new tools could enhance our understanding.

Cross-Disciplinary Studies

Combining fields like psychology, physics, and astrology.

Collective Consciousness

How our connected minds might better grasp cosmic patterns.

Richard Tarnas' Intellectual Legacy

Exploring the seminal contributions of Richard Tarnas in philosophy, history of ideas, and cultural understanding.

Major Publications

Tarnas' influential books shaping contemporary thought.

The Passion of the Western Mind

Traces the evolution of Western thought from the ancient Greeks to the postmodern era.

Cosmos and Psyche

Introduces the relationship between cosmic cycles and archetypal patterns of human experience.

Prometheus the Awakener

Explores the archetype of Prometheus in the context of modern astrology and psychology.

Philosophical Ideas

Core principles and insights from Tarnas' work.

Archetypal Cosmology

Examines the interplay between cosmic patterns and human psychological phenomena.

Participatory Epistemology

Proposes that humans are active participants in the unfolding of reality, not detached observers.

Critical Historical Analysis

Offers a critical perspective on the narrative of Western civilization, examining its crises and transformations.

Influence on Contemporary Thought

The impact of Tarnas' ideas on various fields.

Psychology & Psychotherapy

Influenced the integration of astrology and archetypes in psychological practices.

Environmental Philosophy

Contributed to the understanding of human-nature relationships and eco-psychology.

Cultural Critique

Shaped discussions on the postmodern condition and the crisis of meaning in contemporary society.

Interdisciplinary Approach

Tarnas' method of blending different fields of knowledge.

History & Philosophy

Synthesized historical analysis with philosophical inquiry, providing a cohesive narrative of Western thought.

Astrology & Psychology

Combined astrological insights with depth psychology, enriching both fields.

Science & Spirituality

Bridged the gap between scientific understanding and spiritual experience, advocating for a holistic worldview.

Archetypal Cosmology

Exploring the alignment between celestial events and psyche dynamics.


The study of interconnectedness between universal archetypes and cosmic cycles.


Traces back to ancient astrological traditions linking human behavior to the heavens.

Key Concepts

Involves patterns in planetary movements correlating with psychological experiences.

Academic Discipline

Emerges at the intersection of psychology, history, and astronomy.

Psychological Phenomena

How human behavior and experiences mirror celestial patterns.

Personal Growth

Reflects on how cosmic cycles affect individual developmental stages.

Collective Unconscious

Jungian concept of shared archetypes manifested in celestial symbolism.


Examining meaningful coincidences between cosmic and psychological events.

Cosmic Patterns

The regular and predictable movements observed in celestial bodies.

Planetary Alignments

How the positions of planets influence archetypal expressions.

Cycles and Transits

Tracking planetary movements over time and their corresponding psychological themes.

Mythological Correlations

Linking mythic stories and figures with astronomical phenomena.

Application in Modern Times

How contemporary individuals and societies integrate these ideas.

Personal Astrology Readings

Using one's birth chart to explore archetypal influences.

Psychological Practice

Therapeutic methods that incorporate celestial archetypes for healing.

Cultural Analysis

Studying societal trends through the lens of cosmic and archetypal patterns.

Astro-Psychology: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Combining the symbolic language of astrology with the therapeutic techniques of psychology to explore the psyche.

Historical Context

Traces the origins of astrology and psychology and their confluence.

Ancient Astrology

Roots in Babylonian, Egyptian, and Greek civilizations; served as a form of divination and celestial clock.

Development of Psychology

Emergence in the late 19th century as a scientific discipline focusing on the mind and behavior.

Fusion of Disciplines

Historical figures like Carl Jung who acknowledged astrology's symbolic importance in understanding the psyche.

Theoretical Foundations

Explains the underlying concepts that bridge astrology and psychology.

Archetypes and Symbols

Jungian theory of archetypes; astrology as a symbolic system representing universal human experiences.

Planetary Influences

Astrological perspective on how celestial bodies symbolize aspects of personality and human experience.

Psychological Growth

How astrological insight can contribute to self-awareness and personal development in a psychological context.

Application in Therapy

The use of astrological insights to inform psychological practices.

Birth Charts

Interpreting an individual's birth chart to gain insights into their character and life patterns.

Transpersonal Therapy

Incorporating spiritual dimensions of experience; astrology can facilitate broader understanding of the self.

Timing of Therapeutic Interventions

Using astrology to identify auspicious times for therapy and personal growth activities.

Ethical Considerations

Balancing respect for individual beliefs with scientific rigor.

Confidentiality and Respect

Ensuring clients' astrological beliefs are treated with dignity while maintaining professional boundaries.

Evidence-Based Practice

Weighing the use of non-scientific astrology with the need for evidence-based psychological interventions.

Risk of Determinism

Avoiding the suggestion that astrology implies a fixed destiny, contrary to the goals of empowerment in psychology.

Criticisms and Controversy

Addressing the skepticism and challenges facing the intersection of astrology and psychology.

Scientific Skepticism

The common critique that astrology lacks empirical support and is considered a pseudoscience.

Placebo Effect

Debates on whether benefits from astrological interventions are due to belief rather than actual influence.

Cultural and Academic Acceptance

The varying degrees of acceptance of astrology within different societies and academic circles.